Solution of the 3D logarithmic Schrödinger equation with a central potential

TitleSolution of the 3D logarithmic Schrödinger equation with a central potential
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2020
AuthorsShertzer, J, Scott, TC
JournalJournal of Physics Communications
Date Publishedjun

Some form of the time-independent logarithmic Schrödinger equation (log SE) arises in almost every branch of physics. Nevertheless, little progress has been made in obtaining analytical or numerical solutions due to the nonlinearity of the logarithmic term in the Hamiltonian. Even for a central potential, the Hamiltonian does not commute with or the Hamiltonian is invariant under the parity operation only if the wave function is an eigenstate of the parity operator. We show that the solutions with well-defined parity can be expressed as a linear combination of eigenstates of and where the parity restrictions on and determine the nodal structure of the wave function. The dominant contribution in the sum is designated as and these serve as approximate quantum numbers. Using an iterative finite element approach, we also carry out fully converged numerical calculations in 1D, 2D and 3D for the special case of a Coulomb potential. The nodal structure of the wave functions and the expectation values and are consistent with the analytical predictions. Values for the energy and expectations values are tabulated for the low-lying states. The methods developed for this problem are applicable across many areas of physics.

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