Artificial atoms from cold bosons in one dimension

TitleArtificial atoms from cold bosons in one dimension
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2022
AuthorsBrauneis, F, Backert, T, Mistakidis, S, Lemeshko, M, Hammer, H-W, Volosniev, A
JournalNew Journal of Physics
Date Published06/2022

We investigate the ground-state properties of weakly repulsive one-dimensional bosons in the presence of an attractive zero-range impurity potential. First, we derive mean-field solutions to the problem on a finite ring for the two asymptotic cases: (i) all bosons are bound to
the impurity and (ii) all bosons are in a scattering state. Moreover, we derive the critical line that separates these regimes in the parameter space. In the thermodynamic limit, this critical line determines the maximum number of bosons that can be bound by the impurity potential, forming an artificial atom. Second, we validate the mean-field results using the flow equation approach and the multi-layer multi-configuration time-dependent Hartree method for atomic mixtures. While beyond-mean-field effects destroy long-range order in the Bose gas, the critical boson number is unaffected. Our findings are important for understanding such artificial atoms in low-density Bose gases with static and mobile impurities.

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